SOCIAL AND CULTURAL GEOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND OF SOCIALLY
Kerinci Regency which is also called Sakti Alam Kerinci is a plateau area located in the west of Jambi Province at an altitude of 450 m to 1500 m above sea level or between 101 ° 08-101 ° 50 East Longitude and 1 ° 41- 2 ° 26 South Latitude with His limits as follows:
• North side is bordered by Solok Regency, West Sumatra Province.
• South of the border with North Bengkulu Regency of Bengkulu Province.
• The East is bordered by Bungo Tebo Regency, Jambi Province and
• West side is bordered by Pesisir Selatan Regency, West Sumatra Province.
The Kerinci area consists of a plateau that is surrounded by Bukit Barisan whose capital is Sungai Penuh and is 450 km from the city of Jambi. In addition to the highlands there are also some Mount Turmeric, Mount Raya, Mount Sumbing and Mount Kerinci.
This area consists of several districts.
Kerinci is an area bounded by Nature that is difficult to be crossed by humans, North, South, West and East surrounded by wild humans so that it appears a Regency that has a natural exotic glow. This area is estimated to have an area of 24.00 square kilometers and has an estimated population of more than 280,000 people or around 27 people per kilometer in Jambi Province.
In order to fulfill his daily needs, most of the residents of Kerinci work as farmers, namely the food and plantation sector. Besides that, there are also those who work as civil servants, even though their civil servants also work in the fields and work in their fields.
his side search.
His geography and culture, the Kerinci community still has a high togetherness because everything is resolved by deliberation, this is due to mutual respect for each other owned by the people of Kerinci. Both between parents and children and among other members of his community.
The rapid development of science and technology and the incessant flow of foreign culture to Indonesia make us worry about the original culture we have. The diversity and cultural uniqueness that attracts the attention of other countries owned by Kerinci, will gradually fall into the influence of outside cultures.
For this reason, this native culture should be preserved so that at any time it will remain standing in the geographical area of Kerinci, the effort to maintain it rests on the shoulders of all Kerinci people. As members of the community, of course we are also responsible for preserving culture, especially local culture needs to be important in supporting the development of national culture.
REGIONAL CULTURE IS CALCULATED AS A NATION CULTURE
Kerinci regional culture that we have counted as national culture, Kerinci culture lives and develops in accordance with the social values of the community. This regional culture is part of the national culture. Efforts to dig up inventory and develop the culture of the region itself.
Not only limited to enriching diversity, but at the same time as an effort to improve qualitatively. Culture that is owned by every region everywhere is an important element of the culture itself. Language is closely related to language culture is part of a culture that displays a picture of life and as a reflection of the social system that exists in society.
In line with this, our culture is concerned with the way humans live and how humans regulate His life. Humans learn to think, feel, believe and try what is appropriate according to His culture, For example: Friendship, eating habits, communication practices and actions social activities as well as economic activities, and politics, technology, all of which are based on culture and culture are defined as the order of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchy, religion, roles, spatial relations and concepts of the universe.
From this statement we can conclude that our culture has a regional cultural values system that shows an identity that must be maintained and developed. This kind of effort is useful for the culture as supporting the interests of national culture. It is expected that government policy in the field of culture which among other things aims at the elements of regional culture through regional languages as the main means of reflecting regional life.
Talking about our geography and culture, at least he has discussed the value system contained in the midst of society known as geographical and cultural institutions, namely the layout of the region, the way humans live in groups by regulating the relationships between one another in community life, one form regional culture is inherited and is part of regional culture that lives in the midst of society.
Cultural heritage that is passed down from one generation to the next. If the socio-cultural concept is used for one of the cultural experiments it will also reflect changes in society. On this side the culture meets to influence each other, need each other and mutually determine the growth and development of basic values in the social reality of the people in the City and Regency of Kerinci.
If the socio-cultural concept is used to see the realization and reality of culture, culture is one of the forms of cultural experimentation towards the creation that revives in Him gets two positive and negative responses in the hope that it leads to the development of value devices built in to the reality of people's lives.
It is at this time that socio-culture meets to need one another, and determine the mutual growth of basic human values.